He took a vow to abstain from alcohol.
63 members voted in favour, 39 opposed, and 15 abstained.
During a recent general strike, employees of all major trade unions abstained.
a drug/heroin/gambling addict
I’m a chocolate/shopping addict.
a fitness/film fanatic
He was ambling along the beach.
She ambled down the street, stopping occasionally to look in the shop windows.
There’s nothing I enjoy more than a leisurely amble in the park.
We enjoyed a leisurely picnic lunch on the lawn.
New students may be accommodated in halls of residence.
I think I can accommodate you.
It took a long time for me to accommodate myself to the notion.
aggravate | ˈaɡrəveɪt
Attempts to restrict parking in the city center have further aggravated the problem of traffic congestion.
The treatment only aggravated the condition.
Foreign aid is badly needed to ameliorate the effects of the drought.
to ameliorate living standards
alleviate boredom 解闷
The drugs did nothing to alleviate her pain.
The problem of poverty is particularly acute in rural areas.
an acute attack of appendicitis
an acute sense of smell
The idea of not having to get up early every morning is rather appealing to me.
He had a nice smile and an appealing personality.
The government has tried to assuage the public’s fears.
to assuage one’s thirst/hunger/pain 解渴/充饥/镇痛
They are launching an appeal to raise money for famine victims.
The police have issued an appeal to the public to stay away from the area over the weekend.
Church leaders have appealed to the government to halt the war.
It’s a program designed to appeal mainly to 16 to 25-year-olds.
I think what appeals to me about his painting is his use of color.
in the ascendant 交好运的、占优势的
He’s very much in the ascendant in Hollywood.
Exams are not the only means of assessing a student’s ability.
We need to assess whether the project is worth doing.
There has been an appreciable drop in the number of unemployed since the new government came to power.
If you really want the promotion, you’ll have to be more assertive.
under the apprehension that 认为
It’s normal to feel a little apprehension before starting a new job.
It is an axiomatic fact that governments rise and fall on the state of the economy.
It seems axiomatic that everyone would benefit from a better scientific education.
Brevity is the soul of wit. 言贵简洁
His essays are models of clarity and brevity.
Brevity is, in almost everything, a virtue.
commensurate | kəˈmɛnʃ(ə)rət
a salary that is commensurate with skills and experience
Some people see pain and illness as concomitants of the stresses of life.
Loss of memory is a natural concomitant of old age.
A quiet room is a more conducive atmosphere for studying.
Our goals are congruent; there is no conflict.
The company is reconsidering the way in which it deploys its resources/staff.
My job doesn’t really allow me fully to deploy my skills/talents.
We need to make sure that we exploit our resources as fully as possible.
Television is a powerful means of diffusing knowledge.
The company has become large and diffuse.
the diversity in education 教育的多元化
Does television adequately reflect the ethnic and cultural diversity of the country?
There is a wide diversity of opinions on the question of unilateral disarmament.
Should the function of children’s television be to entertain or to enlighten?
The adverts entice the customer into buying things they don’t really want.
People are being enticed away from the profession by higher salaries elsewhere.
a perpetual student
The film movie is a reflection of the violence that pervades our culture.
pinnacle | ˈpɪnɪkl
By the age of 32 she had reached the pinnacle of her career.
plateau | ˈplatəʊ
I’d been losing about a pound a week on my diet, but recently I’ve plateaued and haven’t lost an ounce.
The economic slowdown has caused our sales to plateau.
Take time to acquaint yourself with the rules.
The museum offers workshops to acquaint children with the world of radio.
a liberal society/attitude
Her parents were far more liberal than mine.
an abundant supply of food
a country abundant in natural resources
It is essential that the public sector orientates itself more towards the consumer.
momentous | məˈmɛntəs
Whether or not to move overseas was a momentous decision for the family.
an intermittent noise
Although she made intermittent movie appearances, she was essentially a stage actress.
intrigue ｜ ɪnˈtriːɡ
Throughout history, people have been intrigued by the question of whether there is intelligent life elsewhere in the universe.
the menace of industrial pollution
Drunk drivers are a menace to everyone.
Dogs running loose are a public menace.
We enjoyed a bracing walk on the beach.
bolster ｜ ˈbəʊlstə
More money is needed to bolster the industry.
She tried to bolster my confidence by telling me that I had a special talent.
They need to do something to bolster their image.
The refugees were a pathetic sight – starving, frightened, and cold.
the plight of the poor/homeless
Few of us can be unmoved by the plight of the refugees.
The first mobile phones were heavy and clumsy to use, but they are much easier to handle nowadays.
The change has been brought on by a confluence of factors.
A confluence of events is pushing nuclear policy into the national spotlight.
a cramped room/house
I have a very cramped schedule.
consensus ｜ kənˈsɛnsəs
The general consensus in the office is that he can’t do his job.
Could we reach a consensus on this matter? Let’s take a vote.
Research has demonstrated that babies can recognize their mother’s voice very soon after birth.
These problems demonstrate the importance of strategic planning.
I don’t want to diminish her achievements, but she did have a lot of help.
These memories will not be diminished by time.
What he did has seriously diminished him in many people’s eyes.
We’ve seen our house diminish greatly/sharply/substantially in value over the last six months.
The two cultures were so utterly disparate that she found it hard to adapt from one to the other.
The current structure does not facilitate efficient workflow.
The issue should be brought to the forefront.
Since its inception in 1968, the company has been at the forefront of computer development.
He’s an integral part of the team, and we can’t do without him.
Bars and terrace cafés are integral to the social life of the city.
a gourmet meal
a gourmet chef
idyll ｜ ˈɪd(ɪ)l
Every year thousands of people flee the big cities in search of the pastoral/rural idyll.
It’s imperative to act now before the problem gets severe.
Children should be insulated from the horrors of war.
Until recently the country’s economy has been insulated from recession by its reserves of raw materials.